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Shimla Agreement Upsc in Hindi

The Shimla Agreement, also known as the Shimla Pact, is a historic agreement signed between India and Pakistan on 2nd July 1972. It was signed in Shimla, the capital of the northern Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. The agreement was aimed at resolving the issues related to the 1971 war between India and Pakistan. It was negotiated by Indira Gandhi, the Prime Minister of India, and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, the President of Pakistan.

The Shimla Agreement is an important topic in Indian history and is frequently asked in the Civil Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Aspirants who are preparing for the UPSC exam must have a basic understanding of the Shimla Agreement and its significance.

Here are the key points of the Shimla Agreement:

1. Ceasefire Line- The ceasefire line that existed between India and Pakistan before the 1971 war was renamed as the Line of Control (LoC) and came into effect from the midnight of 17th December 1971.

2. Return of Prisoners of War- Both India and Pakistan agreed to release the prisoners of war (POWs) and civilian detainees within 90 days of signing the agreement.

3. Withdrawal of Troops- Both countries agreed to withdraw their troops from the positions they held during the war to pre-war positions. The withdrawal was completed by 25th February 1972.

4. Bilateral Dialogue- India and Pakistan agreed to resolve their differences through bilateral talks. It was agreed that all the outstanding issues will be resolved through peaceful means without any interference from any third party.

5. Respect for the Line of Control- Both countries agreed to respect the LoC without resorting to the use of force or changing its status.

The Shimla Agreement was a significant step towards normalizing the relations between India and Pakistan. However, the agreement did not resolve all the outstanding issues between the two countries. The Kashmir dispute remains unresolved and continues to be a major bone of contention between India and Pakistan.

In conclusion, the Shimla Agreement holds great historic significance and a basic understanding of this topic is essential for aspirants preparing for the UPSC exam. Aspirants should go through the details of the agreement carefully, and its implications to gain a deeper understanding of the Indo-Pak relations, which is a crucial topic for the UPSC exam.

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